4 common muscle issues found in athletes
Performance athletes often encounter various muscle issues due to the demands placed on their bodies. Below are four common muscle issues they may experience.
Strains: Muscle strains occur when muscles or tendons are overstretched or torn. This can happen during sudden movements, improper technique, or overexertion. Commonly affected muscles include hamstrings, quadriceps, calves, and groin muscles. Symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, and limited ROM (range of motion).
Imbalances: Muscle imbalances refer to an uneven distribution of strength or flexibility between opposing muscle groups. This can occur due to overuse of certain muscles, poor training techniques, or inadequate recovery. Muscle imbalances can lead to altered movement patterns, increased risk of injuries, and decreased performance.
Cramps: Muscle cramps are involuntary, painful contractions of muscles that can occur during or after intense exercise. They are often caused by dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, muscle fatigue, or inadequate warm-up and stretching. Commonly affected muscles include calves, hamstrings, and quadriceps. Proper hydration, stretching, and adequate rest can help prevent muscle cramps.
Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS): DOMS refers to muscle soreness and stiffness that occurs 24 to 48 hours after intense or unfamiliar exercise. It is caused by microscopic damage to muscle fibers and the subsequent inflammatory response. DOMS typically resolves within a few days but can impact performance during that time. Proper warm-up, gradual progression in training intensity, and adequate recovery can help minimize the severity of DOMS.
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Preventing injuries is crucial for aerialists to maintain their safety and well-being during training and performances. Here are some of our best practices for aerialists to help prevent injuries.
5 Common injuries in performance athletes
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Injury Prevention for Pre-schoolers
Nursemaid's elbow, also known as radial head subluxation, is a common injury in young children, typically between the ages of 1 and 4 years. It occurs when the radius bone in the forearm slips out of its normal position at the elbow joint. This injury is often caused by a sudden pulling or yanking motion on a child's outstretched arm, such as when an adult pulls the child's arm while lifting or swinging them.
The main symptom of nursemaid's elbow is sudden onset of pain and discomfort in the affected arm. The child may hold the arm close to their body and refuse to use it. They may also exhibit signs of distress or cry when the arm is moved or touched.
To treat nursemaid's elbow, medical intervention is usually required. A healthcare professional, such as a doctor or nurse, will perform a gentle maneuver called a reduction to relocate the dislocated bone back into its proper position. This procedure involves applying slight pressure and rotating the forearm in a specific manner. It is typically a quick and relatively painless procedure.
After the reduction, the child will often experience immediate relief and regain full use of the affected arm. It is important to follow any instructions provided by the healthcare professional regarding activity restrictions and follow-up care to prevent recurrence.
Keeping Dancers Safe
To keep dancers safe, it is important to consider the following measures: